Elaborative rehearsal is a memory strategy where you would relate the information you want to remember to something that is already in your long term memory or something that is easier to remember. For example we use mnemonics to remember patters of letters that are associated with something else. I used mnemonics to remember Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally, to remember PEMDAS in math and it is still in my memory from when i learned i tin 5th grade.
Spaced repetition is where you repeat information to yourself over and over again but over long periods of time. It is almost like cramming but it works a lot better. It forces learning to be effortful, and like muscles, the brain responds to that stimulus by strengthening the connections between nerve cells. By spacing the intervals out, you’re further exercising these connections each time. We use spaced repetition in psychology class with the vocabulary. We repeatedly learn the words over and over again by doing quizlet every class until the quiz
Chunking is a learning method taking small units of information (chunks) and grouping them into larger units. Chunking is necessary when learning a lot of information. I used chunking in world history. In text books they organize information into categories and put all of the information that relates to that title instead of randomly spreading around a bunch of information.
Observational Learning is a method of learning by observing and modeling another individual's actions or behavior. Observational learning is how we learn almost everything, such as talking, cooking, or behavior and putting on clothes. Some things can't be necessarily taught but we can put steps together by watching someone else do it. I have used observational learning to learn how to do tumbling tricks.
Self-Explanation is where you explain why something is correct. It is useful because if you can explain something or why something is. I use self-explanation on myself in my English class. For example, I would have to read a story and a question could say "What is the tone of the passage?", and to answer I could use self-explanation to explain why I thought the passage was whichever tone.