Spartan warriors were the fiercest warriors of their time. A young Spartan boy went through a rigorous training program before he can become a Spartan soldier, also known as a hoplite. A hoplite wore a large bronze helmet, breastplate, and ankle guards in battle. He held a spear and a sword, along with a large bronze and wooden shield. Each shield had a unique animal on the face of it. It was said that this animal described the warrior. Spartans would even commit suicide over surrender since dying for Sparta was the highest way someone could die. Thanks to their intense training program, hoplites became the most feared warriors of their time.
Unlike many women in other parts of Greece, Spartan women possessed many rights. Often to attract male Spartans, women engaged in athletic competitions. These included javelin throwing and wrestling, they also participated in competitive dancing and singing. Marriage was very important in Sparta. They believed that healthy and fit men and women would produce healthy and fit offsprings. A man was publicly shamed if he delayed his marriage. On the other hand, they were sometimes rewarded when they produced multiple offsprings. All in all, Spartan women played a key role in the Spartan society.
The city state of Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was the home to some of the fiercest warriors in all of Greece. Spartan social structure consisted of three parts. The Spartans were the warriors and the full citizens. The Helots were the slaves and servants. The Perioeci, were the artisans and craftspeople that made the weapons for the soldiers. They were not citizens of Sparta but they were slave. The Spartan political system differed from other political systems of their time. It consisted of two hereditary kings from different parents that governed the city state. One of the monarchs usually lead their army on military campaigns. In addition to being respected warriors, the kings were considered priests of Zeus.
A Spartan life was not an easy life. At birth, both boys and girls alike were tested to see if they were healthy and fit. The ones that did not fit the precise criteria were left in the mountains to die. Then, boys are taught that safety of Sparta comes before family. At an early age, boys and girls alike attended schools for education. Then, from ages 7 to 20, boys were sent to a military school where they learned how to fight, swim, throw javelins, and wrestle. At the military school, boys were given very little clothing and no shoes. The Spartans thought that this taught boys endure the elements and gave the boys a preview of what war feels like. Then, when he was 20 years old, he would live in the military barracks. At the age of 30, he became an official citizen of Sparta. It wasn't until he was 60 when he could retire from the army.
Hoplites wore a large bronze helmet, ankle guards, and sometimes wore a breastplate. He carried a heavy wooden and bronze shield on his arm and held both a spear and a sword.
At a young age, boys were taken away from their family to train in the military.
Javelin throwing was a sport that both males and females participated in. The Spartans were extremely athletic, they valued physical perfection above all.
The Spartan warriors, hoplites, fought in a phalanx. They fought in a square with their spears facing outwards and their shields facing the enemy.