The Vietnam War was conflict between the communist of North Vietnam and its southern ally known as Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its ally the United States. The war began in 1954, though there was conflict since the mid-1940s. More than 3 million, including 58,000 Americans, people were killed in the war. By 1969, more than 500,000 U.S. forces we're involved in the conflict. The war cause the separation of Americans because of their opposition and agreement of the U.S. involvement. Because of this President Richard Nixon ordered for the U.S. to withdraw in 1973. In 1975, communist forces gained control of Saigon, ending the war. The country reunited as Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
This picture shows the US army getting into war. As the US got involved in the Vietnam War, the main reason was that the US wanted to prevent Vietnam under the influence of communism. A group named Vietcong began a war with South Vietnam as Vietnam was split as it was then called North and South Vietnam. North Vietnamese boats then attacked the US as it led to war with the North of Vietnam. North Vietnam was under the influence of communism meanwhile, the US got involved and stopped communism into spreading to the South.
This picture shows a newspaper article about a drafting announcement. About one third of the American military service were draftees and the two thirds were volunteers. Most of the draftees were men from poor or working class families; very few came from upper class families. The percentages were: 25% poor, 55% working class, and 20% middle class. They were chosen for draft by the Selective Service System. The Selective Service System was an independent federal agency formed to oversee the military draft. There were some men chosen who were called "Draft Dodgers" because they had deferments issued, which let them free of being drafted. Deferments were only issued for men who had mental or physical problems, were married, had children, attending college, or were supporting their family. Many of the men that received deferments were of wealthy class families or educated families.
The U.S. involvement in Vietnam expanded, so that was the main target for student's to protest against the war. Student's wanted free speech, on college campuses. In 1964 the movement of students came from the University of California at Berkeley. The Free Speech Movement came to challenge the university’s restrictions on political speech and assembly. Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) formed at the University of Michigan and issued the Port Huron Statement, which criticized US foreign policy and attacked the Cold War assumptions underlying it. Students created groups and those groups were a major part of the New Left, a broad-based political movement that challenged existing forms of authority
An estimated 4 million Vietnamese people were killed or wounded during the war, including as many as 1.3 million civilians. The widespread destruction of farms and villages in the South Vietnamese countryside turned huge numbers of peasants into homeless refugees. Many would go to the cities and participate in illegal activities to make a living. Some would be in refugee camps but conditions were very poor. They were polluted and spread disease. Unable to find jobs, many begged in the streets hungry. Also, an estimated 800,000 orphaned children roamed the streets of Saigon and other cities. The destruction of the villages separated families and eliminated the family structure that was so important to Vietnamese culture.
This pictures shows an American family watching the Vietnam War. Since this was the first war you could watch on t.v. rather than hearing the radio, it had more of an impact. Through the screen, you could watch villages being destroyed, children dying, and American soldiers dying and then being sent back home. Americans depended on television news as resources to now whats going on in the war and experience it.
This song is a song against the Vietnam war. The songs idea is to tell the listeners about the fortunate and unfortunate sons. The fortunate sons had a good life and wealth and didn't have to worry about drafting for the war due to their profile. Whereas the unfortunate sons had no wealth and no protection, the unfortunate sons were sent to war which might have led to a protest.