Underneath Antarctic ice are 91 volcanoes that no one knew existed until now. Max Van Wyk de Vries, an undergraduate geology student, was curious about what Antarctica looked like underneath the ice and noticed lots of big cone shapes under the water. Some of the peaks were up to 1,000 meters (3,280 feet) tall. These volcanoes have scientists all over wondering how active these volcanoes really are.
Scientists have found out how some of the fattest water droplets form, by making their own clouds. Small, carbon-containing molecules coat the outside of the forming droplet causing it to grow faster. The droplets of water are bigger because the carbon molecules decrease the water’s surface tension. The water droplets that make cloud form around aerosols, which are tiny airborne particles which water vapor can condense.
A new study is concluding that glaciers melting is a sign of climate change. Studies show that 36 of 37 glaciers have a 90% chance that they melted from climate change. Before this study there was a 66% chance that they melt from climate change but obviously that changed drastically. Glaciers hold about 75% of Earth’s fresh water.
‘Watermelon’ snow has a reddish pigment which helps it soak up more sunlight. It helps melt the glaciers faster because dark colors soak up sunlight better. The watermelon hued algae mainly appear in the spring or summer and scientists have been using fertilizer to grow the algae and bleach to kill the algae. Most of the rest of the snow just melted to go away.