This source shows Stalin showing people the 'Great Pyramids'. this source is a political cartoon drawn by a french artist living during Stalin's rule. The artist knows of the many Russians that were living in fear and the many more that were executed during the great terror. The cartoon also shows Stalin's nonchalant attitude towards the skeletons which reinforces the idea that he was a cruel and heartless man.I choose this source as it is simple but yet conveys a deep meaning that Russians at that time can resonate with. the loss of live is a clear illustration that the people did not benefit under Stalin's rule.
Although this video is short, it actively shows the hardships that the Russians had to endure during stalin's rule. one man said that all the kulak's valuable possessions were confiscated by the state and many of them were executed or sent in exile. over three million of them died. Many pheasants did not want collectivisation and killed their life stock and burnt their grain so that the state could not confiscate them. This in turn caused the Great Famine that killed over 7 million. This video was chosen as it questions the rule of Stalin and uses video evidence to show how ordinary Russians were treated. By the inhumane acts carried out by the soldiers and the Stalinist government, we can conclude that Stalin's rule was detrimental to the USSR.
This propaganda poster shows women working alongside men. This is new as i the past a women role was to take care of family affairs and children. However with Stalin's new policy, he built childcare centres to allow women to work in factories.though this may seen good foe the economy, on the social aspect, their children were not well taken care of i the poorly maintained childcare centres. hence, now women not only had to work, they also had to be a housewife. This would be very tiring for them and they may be overworked.I chose this source as it shows how hard the communist party was trying to instil their ideas to the Russians and their movement towards industrialisation while forgetting about the needs of people. As the party has forgotten about the other roles a women has to play and only concentrates on their economy, Stalin's rule did not benefit USSR
This source shows people building the Trans-Siberian railway. this shows the investment that the government that the government put into the building of transport infrastructure to quickly transport produced goods from one end of Russia to the other.This would help increase productivity and raw materials and increase the efficiency of the industrial activities. I chose this source as it vividly shows how the government increased connectivity and at the same time also provided jobs. The investment in such projects thus showed that Stalin's rule was beneficial to the USSR
This source shows farmers being provided vehicles so that food can be supplied to factory workers or sold abroad.it also shows that there was not a need for as many farmers as before as machines took over their job.This source was chosen as it shows how much the state was investing to rapidly industrialise their country and boost their economy. This shows that Stalin's rule was beneficial as the farmers do not need to work as hard now than before.
This source shows that the 5 Year plans had a great and positive impact on the development of heavy industries such as coal,steel,oil and electricity. Most of the industries saw a drastic increase of production from 1927 to 1940. Although the targets set were not often meet, it nevertheless helped push the soviet union economy forward.I chose this source as it is easy to see the increase in production rate of the different industries and how Stalin's rule actually boosted the economy. Hence as the economy of Russia was strengthened, this source shows that Stalin's rule was beneficial for the USSR.
While there is no doubt that Stalin had boosted the USSR's economy drastically this does not justify the tens of millions that he had killed during his purges and the way that he had executed many to get people like the kulaks to accept his ways. Hence, i do not agree that Stalin was the saviour of the USSR. Firstly, during the Great Famine, the state did not distribute the stockpiled grain that was forcibly taken by the party officials,it was sold overseas to gather money for industrial development and to raise their economy.This reportedly killed over 7 million peasants.Next there was the Great terror that was a series of purges to eliminate all opposition and removed most of the experienced Army officials who were replaced by younger and more inexperienced soldiers that owed their their promotions solely to Stalin and hence were most likely to be most loyal to him. Many intellectualls were also killed as they were seen as smart and may organise a revolution. Hence by killing them, the likely hood of a revolution was decreased. However, all these killings meant that the goods were not up to standard and there was weak leadership in the army . Despite all this,many saw him as a saviour of the USSR. This may be due to his propaganda that indoctrinated many into believing that he was a great leader. Photos were edited, history changed and Stalin's photos were everywhere.