This source shows farmers being provided with equipments such as tractors to work with. With these machinery, there would therefore be less manpower needed on the fields and could go into the cities to be factory workers instead. This source was chosen as it shows how much the state was doing to industrialise their country. This shows that the farmer do not need to work so hard compared to the past. Hence, this source shows that Stalin's rule benefits the USSR.
This source shows a teacher instructing a group of peasants who does not seem very enthusiastic about the benefits of collectivisation. This source was chosen as it shows about the unhappiness of the people towards collectivisation. From my contextual knowledge, many peasant disliked the idea that the farms were under the control of local communist leader. Many peasants, especially the kulaks, killed their own animals, burnt their grain and produce, and hid or buried their corps in the ground to prevent them from being taken over by the state. Hence, it shows that Stalin's rule does not benefit the USSR.
This source shows a graph on production after Stalin's 5-Year Plan. It shows that Stalin's 5-Year Plan was a great success as there was a great increase in the development of heavy industries such as coal, steel, oil and electricity. This source was chosen as it shows how much growth there was in the industries under Stalin's rule. Although the targets set by Stalin was not met, it nevertheless helped to propel the Soviet Union forward to become an industrial base for a powerful arm industry by 1941. Hence, this source shows that Stalin's rule was beneficial for USSR.
This source shows a Stalin standing in the middle of a large crowd of people supporting and adoring him, with a map in the background. It also shows Stalin pointing the way towards industrialisation. The caption reads "Under the leadership of the Great Stalin - Forward to communism!" This source was chosen as it shows how propaganda was used to portray Stalin as powerful and benevolent to the people. Stalin carefully policed how he was represented to the public. Large portions of Soviet history were also rewritten to boost Stalin's status and discredit his rivals. Even photographs were edited to remove unwanted people. The Soviet people were told that he was never wrong, hence this protected Stalin from any further challenges. This shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial as the people were brainwashed into thinking Stalin was a good leader.
This video shows how Stalin began his purges of those in the Soviet Union. It shows that Stalin was paranoid towards his opposition and even those who supported him. This source was chosen as it shows how ruthless he was towards even those who were loyal towards him. Thousands were identified and accused of being Trotsky's supporters who were involved in the plot to murder Kirov and other leading communists. Stalin's enemies and some of his suspected supporters were tried in public show trials before being executed. There were even some who had to confess to crimes they did not commit, after being tortured or having their families threatened. This shows that the source shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial for USSR as people lived in fear and there was a huge loss in many great leaders.
This cartoon shows Stalin standing on a mountain of dead bodies, holding an axe dripping blood. These dead bodies could have belonged to his enemies or domestic opposition. This source was chosen as it shows that hundreds and thousands of people had died under Stalin's rule. Based on my contextual knowledge, in order to consolidate his power and enforce party discipline, Stalin turned his attention to create a series of campaigns of political repression and purges to eliminate his enemies and remove any domestic opposition to the Soviet government between 1934 to 1938. During the Great Terror, Stalin had also killed many innocent people. Hence, this source shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial for USSR.
In conclusion, Stalin was not a saviour of USSR, he was a tyrant who had caused millions of death under his rule. During Stalin's rule, about 20 million deaths were caused by him. He had also used the purges and collectivisation to instil fear in the peasants. Stalin, in fact, was a merciless man. Those who were suspected or went against him were sent to concentration camps where they were left to rot. When Stalin first came to power, he manipulated the minds of the people by using propaganda to make him seem kind and benevolent. During the Great Terror, Stalin had created a series of campaigns of political repression and purges to eliminate his enemies and remove any domestic opposition to the Soviet Government. This resulted in the deaths of many great leaders and intellectuals. Although Stalin's rule did bring about certain benefits, such as the great boost in the Soviet Union's economy, however he had caused so much innocent deaths. With all the negative impacts brought along with Stalin's rule, i can conclude that Stalin was not a saviour of USSR.