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Under Stalin, the government controlled all education from nursery schools through the universitiesEducation was compulsory and every child was entitled to 9 years of free education.Schoolchildren learned the virtues of the Communist Party.College professors and students who questioned the Communist Party’s interpretations of history or science risked losing their jobs or faced imprisonment.They were taught technical subjects that helped with industrialisation.Party leaders in the Soviet Union lectured workers and peasants on the ideals of communism. They also stressed the importance of sacrifice and hard work to build the Communist state. State-supported youth groups trained future party members.
This allowed Stalin to build a generation of youths that were loyal to him and made them think how great of a man he was.By offering free education at an early age,he was also able to create a more educated generation of Russians which were able to boost their economy.
This video talks about how Stalin drove fear and respect for him into the hearts of Russians throughout the country as he was not afraid to silence anyone that criticised him publicly and he made extremem measure to make sure that no one was able to take the title of dictator of Russia away from him.
The mass media (radio, films, television) were all controlled by the state and were only allowed to promote the Stalinist message. Large portions of Soviet history was written to discredit his rivals as counter-revolutionaries
Photographs were edited to remove the appearance of his rivals and to glorify his significance
Stalin would not tolerate individual creativity that did not conform to the views of the state.
Soviet newspapers and radio broadcasts glorified the achievements of communism, Stalin, and his economic programs.Under Stalin, the arts also were used for propaganda.
This large control over the media allowed Stalin to gain alot of control over the people living in his country and influence their way of thinking and putting himself in a very positive light.
This video explains how Stalin's rule affected the people of Russia.
From Agricultural Reform to the Five Year Plans,these werefavourable to some but some protested against such changes and were eventually killed by Stalin.The farmers living during that time period were hit the hardest.They had to give up all their crops and land to the state and get a fixed salary as such many felt it was unfair and refused to surrender their land and property to the Government.
A new agricultural system was introduced, bringing together numerous small farms into collective and state agriculture. Peasant and wealthy farmers who refused to sell their extra products were heavily taxed. Wealthy farmers responded angrily by destroying their crops and killing their livestock. Stalin punished them by destroying their homes and deporting most of them to Siberia.
Mechanisation and scientific farming were introduced on a large scale. Profits were divided three ways among the state, workers and a reserve operation fund to support community services such as schools, recreation centres and hospitals. Agriculture began to prosper.
These reforms introduced socialised farming to the masses and were made possible by the expertise of the capitalists who owned large individual farms during the rule of the Tsar and Lenin. It was Stalin's aim to see all farms nationalised, with the state becoming the sole owner. This was one area where Stalin blamed Lenin for allowing capitalism to emerge on a large scale, as if it was not a communist state.
Stalin believed that a strong economy needed a strong country. He felt that industrialisation was the key to achieving this strength and was convinced that the peasant class needed to accept socialism. Stalin preferred the economic policies of War Communism. He felt Lenin's New Economic Policy (NEP) had diluted socialism, but he was nervous about losing the support of the peasants who benefited from the NEP and wanted to unite them with the working class. The launch of the first Five-Year Plan and a collectivisation drive dramatically reversed the NEP model.
The main aim of the Gosplan (State Run Comission) was to control the means of production and make recommendations to the government on issues regarding to the import and export of raw materials for manufacturing.
Through this i felt that Stalin in a way revolutionised Russia but he did not have to go to such extreme measure to kill anyone who tired to put him in a bad light.He improved the Russian Economy and allowed them to progree greatly even in the face to the great famine when his agricultural changes manafged to sustain the country and even export 1.73 million tons of grain and improve the standards of living although he was not popular and well liked among the farmers,he was still responsible for their tremendous economic rise and as such in a way i believed Stalin saved the USSR.