The picture show boys attending school and they are standing in front of Stalin's portrait. This shows that school was compulsory and every child had to attend it. This source is chosen as it education was prized by the communists. The greatest advancement of the Soviet Union under Lenin and Stalin was in raising literacy rates. Every child was entitled to at least nine years of free education. This source shows that Stalin's rule was beneficial for the USSR as Stalin was seen as the father of the people. Teenagers were indoctrinated to be loyal to Stalin and the Communist Party. This ensured that people would not betray Stalin and would support the USSR.
This picture shows how Stalin tried to appeal to the public and gain more support from the people in the Soviet Union. Stalin was well-respected by the people as the people around him are all looking up to him. This source is chosen as it shows how Stalin used propaganda extensively to build up his own profile as the rightful successor of Lenin. The caption reads: 'Under the leadership of the Great Stalin - Forward to communism!' Stalin is standing in front of the public, which shows that he is going to lead the people. It shows that Stalin's rule was beneficial for the USSR as he was a confident leader and was able to lead the people well.
The source shows how Stalin's officials controlled the society. They banned people from insulting Stalin and instilled fear in them. They wanted the people to love Stalin and not hate him. This source is chosen as it shows how the people had to obey Stalin and they could not oppose him. It shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial for the USSR as people could not do what they want, express how they feel to Stalin. People had to live in fear and they constantly watched and judged by Stalin's officials. If the people had done something that opposed Stalin, they could fall victim to the secret police, and sent to forced labour camps or even killed.
The source shows how Stalin turned his attention to create a series of campaigns of political repression and purges to eliminate his enemies and remove any domestic opposition to the Soviet government. He was suspicious of the Red Army because of Trotsky's strong connection with the army. The secret police arrested, questioned and forced people to inform against their friends and family who voiced opposition against Stalin. This source is chosen as it shows there many people who opposed Stalin and were killed. It shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial for USSR as there was a loss of intellectuals, skilled workers and officers due to the purge which greatly affected the strength of the country.
The picture shows Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meeting women delegates from the Workers of Soviet Armenia, at the commemoration of the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the Soviet regime in Armenia. This source is chosen as it shows how women could support themselves and not only rely on their husbands. They could have more control over their own lives without interference from their husbands. This source shows that Stalin's rule was beneficial for the USSR as women could become more independent and they became productive members of the economy. Soviet women were expected to fulfill both the role of worker and housewife.
The cartoon shows people confessing that they did something wrong and are guilty of it. The people tried to betray their country, and are traitors. This shows that the people were not loyal to Stalin. This source is chosen as it shows how thousands were identified and accused of being Trotsky's supporters who were involved in the plot to murder Kirov and other leading communists. Those who were tried often confessed to crimes they did not commit, after being tortured of having their families threatened. This source shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial for the USSR as many innocent people were harmed and killed even though they did not do anything wrong.
Was Stalin a saviour of USSR? No, Stalin was not a saviour of the USSR. Although he made it compulsory for children to go to school which encouraged people to support Stalin, lead the people well and confidently and encouraged women to work, there were also a lot of other things which the USSR did not benefit from politically and socially. The Soviet Union benefited from the increased literacy rates, the propaganda which made more people support Stalin and respected him and the women's entry into the workforce which helped them become productive members of the economy. However, many who were innocent were killed and executed by Stalin during the purges and show trials. People were controlled and they lived in fear. They were not allowed to talk bad things about Stalin and were forced to do what they were told. Many who were suspected to be unloyal were killed which resulted the mass execution of intellectuals and skilled workers due to the purges. It meant that Stalin's workforce for the push towards industrialisation shrank.There was less effective management within the government due to the lack of administrators and there was the Soviet Union lost more than half of the more experienced army officers and commanders. Therefore, Stalin was not a saviour of the USSR.