This cartoon shows Stalin bigger than the family in front of him. The family looks famished and malnourished without food, while Stalin can be seen eating his meal. His facial expression showed that he did no care about how the people are starving and he can be seen doing nothing to help out. The family also looks scared and disappointed, this shows that Stalin instilled fear in the peasants and made them live in fear. The family is right in front of Stalin, which also means that they were constantly watched by officials and they had to live their lives in fear, every mistake they make could cost them their lives, they could be sent to labour camps or be killed. I chose this cartoon as it shows how peasants were famished under Stalin's rule. It also shows the superiority of Stalin to the peasants. This source tells me that Stalin's rule was beneficial for the USSR as he took every consumer goods the peasants had and helped in boosting the economy of the state.
This video shows the forced famine under Stalin's rule, the effects of it and the death toll presented in a bar graph, it showed that in 1933, there was a huge increase of deaths recorded, most of them died from hunger, as they lacked consumer goods. This video also talks about how the people who were starving were treated, they were not given any sympathy and they were prevented from searching for food in other places, they could not buy, exchange or earn food. They also removed starving and dying people from the train as they were not allowed to enter the city and many died at the railway station. I chose this source as this video contains real images of people who were malnourished, and how dead bodies of the starving were being handled. This video shows that Stalin's rule was beneficial for the USSR as they treated the peasants badly, only to benefit from them, while the peasants do not benefit in any ways.
This picture shows men who are malnourished, they were reduced to bones, and they were not in a healthy shape at that point. The cause of this was because of Stalin's rule. Because the state forcibly takes the crops and farm animals of peasants, they were lacking of consumer goods, causing them to grow thinner each day as they lack food, which is essential for their survival. During the great famine in 1932, the state did not distribute its stockpiled grain, but sold the grain overseas to raise funds for more industrial machinery and development. This famine carried on until 1934, and close to seven million peasants died of starvation due to the extreme shortage of food. I chose this picture as it directly shows the effects of the great famine caused by Stalin. This source shows how Stalin's rule completely stripped the peasants of food, making the USSR benefit at its maximum.
This picture is a news article back then, when Stalin was still ruling them. As all the farms were owned by the state, the farmers could not keep what they produced for themselves, they had to give everything up, hiding resources would not help as the state would forcibly take them. I chose this image as it was a trustable source from the newspaper then, it also shows deaths of animals and peasants. This shows that Stalin's rule really caused peasants to be stripped of their consumer goods, this means that the USSR was sucking out every consumer goods from the peasants, benefiting at their maximum.
This picture shows the peasants digging up frozen potatoes to hand them over to the Soviets, under Stalin. The people were forced to do that and they seemed very focused in completing their task. The Soviets extracted the large amounts of agricultural products it needed to acquire the capital for industrial investment. I chose this source as it clearly shows the people hard at work, digging up crops to surrender them to the Soviets. This source shows that Stalin's rule caused the peasants to work hard, helping to boost the USSR economy.
This 6 minutes video shows how was life when Stalin introduced industrialisation and collective farming for the peasants, showing what happened after Stalin took all their crops, leaving the peasants with nothing to eat, causing them to be malnourished and desperate. Many died of starvation, while some other peasants resorted to cannibalism, eating corpses. I chose this source as it shows the damages done by Stalin. This source showed that Stalin's rules were beneficial for the USSR everyone in this video can be seen following what they were asked to do, surrendering crops which benefits the Soviets' economy
This cartoon illustrates a lot of farmers in a huge farm. Stalin believed that a strong economy needed a strong country. He felt that industrialization was the key to achieving this strength and was convinced that the peasant class needed to accept socialism. Stalin preferred the economic policies of War Communism. He decided that small individual farms of the Soviet Union would merge into larger collective farms. It was believed that larger units of land could be farmed more efficiently through mechanization such as tractors. I chose this source because it clearly shows the consolidation of the farms and farmers during the Collectivization. This source shows Stalin's rule was beneficial for the USSR as lots of peasants followed what they were asked to do and were picking up their crops before surrendering them to the state.
In conclusion, Stalin was not a saviour of the USSR, though he did help the USSR benefit and turn into an industrialized state, many died in the process. In that industrialized nation, the peasants had a job, but they do not really had an income and food for survival. They were forced to surrender all their consumer goods to the USSR to be sold overseas. The bad sanitation and lack of food made their lives harsh.