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was stalin a saviour of the USSR?

women's duty

women's duty

In this picture, it shows the different roles each woman has to play. Before Stalin's rule, women was not really encouraged to join the workforce to work, instead they should leave it to the men to do the work and stay at home being a domestic leader or a housewife. They guaranteed equal rights to women, and Russia legalised abortion and divorce so that women could have more control over their own lives without the interference from their husbands. However when Stalin came into power, he encouraged women to enter the workforce and become productive members of the economy. State-run childcare centres were built to enable women to work in factories. Whereas, this services were poorly maintained. Therefore in 1936, abortion was again made illegal in order to 'protect motherhood and childhood'. Thus, soviet women were expected to fulfil both the roles of a worker and a housewife. Hence Stalin's rule has lead women to be more responsible as a housewife and more control over their own lives by joining the workforce.

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famine

famine

This picture shows a newspaper article about the Great Famine from 1932 to 1934. In this article there are a few horses, some of it are dead are seen really thin, while others are about to pass on. On the other hand, this is similarly to the people on the left side of this article. As for the headings, it shows how much the people had suffered due to the extreme shortage of food. This is because the farmers could not keep produced for themselves. Even thought many attempted to hide their produced, they were forcibly taken by the Party Officials. Moreover, the state did not distribute its stockpiled grain, instead sold the grains overseas to raise funds for more industrial machinery and development. Hence, this had lead to about seven million peasants died of starvation, otherwise becoming really thin.

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standard of living

standard of living

This picture shows a group of people who are living in that area of houses, the houses were not of any luxurious types. Whereas, it only had wooden planks to build the houses, which can be quite fragile. This is due to the increased population in cities where the factories are located, therefore leading to an increase shortage of houses in the cities. However, people were not allowed to simply buy or build houses or apartment, or even to purchase land. These were all controlled by the state, which also decides how and where its citizens would live. Many were forced to live in cramped conditions, often without running water or sanitation, in overcrowded cities. On the other hand, the workers were pushed very hard in order to achieve the ambitious targets set by the Five-Year Plans. It means that the workers often worked long hours, with very little time off, under poor conditions. The workers were overworked and not fairly paid for their efforts. Hence the shortage of houses and the long working hours has steadily pulled down the standards of living.

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purges

purges

In this picture, is shows a cartoon about purge that happen from 1934 to 1938. Army soldiers from the Red Army were being threatened and killed. This is because Stalin was suspicious of the Red Army, as Trotsky had a strong connection with the army. Trotsky had been in charge of them and gained their confidence and respect after he had led them to victory in the civil war. Hence, the Red Army had previously been loyal to Trotsky, but Stalin needed an army that that was loyal to him alone. Therefore, high-ranking commanders and tens of thousands of Red Army officers were accused of treason, tortured into confession and shot. Thus, Stalin promoted mostly younger, inexperienced members of the Party who owed their advancement and allegiance to him alone. This way, Stalin could be assured of the loyalty of the army, so that the commanders and officers would not rise up against him.

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stalin, cult of the leader

stalin, cult of the leader

In this picture, it shows a propaganda poster of Stalin before the soviet people, whereby he was trying to portray himself as a kind and understanding leader. Stalin used propaganda extensively to build up his own profile as the rightful successor to Lenin. Stalin also carefully policed how he was represented, he made sure that he was pictured wearing ordinary clothes and retaining the modest title of Secretary-General. Pictures and propaganda were placed everywhere, all office, factories and classrooms in the Soviet Union were required to have a picture of Stalin. Large portions of Soviet history were rewritten to boost Stalin's status and discredit his rivals as disloyal counter-revolutionaries. Photographs were also edited to remove unwanted people, for example Trotsky and Yezhov. All of these measures boosted Stalin's authority and status, both within the Party and among the people, as the undisputable leader of the Soviet Union. As well as, it made the opposition against him even more impossible. Hence this is not beneficial, as this is only brain washing the soviet people.

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joseph stalin

joseph stalin

In this 4:04 minutes long video clip, it shows how Stalin had came into power and how his rules has impacted the people. Stalin had a tough childhood life, in terms of poverty. Between the year of 1902 to 1913, Stalin has been into prison eight times, by Russian Secret Police. However in 1917 after the Russian revolution, that is when Stalin rise to power. Lenin played a significant role in the establishment of the Soviet Union, his contributions helped to to ensure that the survival of the Bolsheviks through the post-revolutionary period. However in January 1924, Lenin died. Prior to his death, he was deeply concerned about growing factionalism and the party politics. Lenin has also warned his testament that Stalin should not be trusted to use his power wisely. This is because in 1922, when Lenin suffered a stroke and went into semi-retirement, Stalin visited him very often and acted as his connection to the rest of the world. But they often quarrelled, and Lenin became suspicious of Stalin's character and ambition. After Lenin's death, the testament was read out at a meeting of the Central Executive Committee, where all of Lenin's potential successors were present. After all, the Party agreed that the testament was not to be made public, as Lenin had criticised all of them. No notes were to be made when it was read out, and its mention was not to be made in future meetings. Hence, they had decided to ignore Lenin's warning, as they felt that Trotsky was a greater threat due to is powerful personality and close connection to the army. Therefore, Stalin retained his position as Secretary-General, which he used to great effect during his rise to power.

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Hence, i can conclude that Stalin is not a saviour of the USSR. Although Stalin had made many sacrifices, contribution. As well as developing the Soviet Union, the Soviet Union had changed from an agricultural country into a major industrial power, provided base for powerful arms industry. However, Stalin had also neglected many millions of lives, as innocent people, farmers and etc were being murdered and was treated unfairly. Due to Stalin's selfishness, he only did what will benefit him alone and not the rest of the Soviet people, as well he did not trust the people and his officials.

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