This newspaper article shows the tragic famine in the Soviet Union in 1932 with the heading that stated " Deliberate starvation of peasants ". As farms were owned by the state, the farmers could not keep produce for themselves. Even though many attempted to hide their produce, they were forcibly taken by the Party officials. During the Great Famine in 1932, the state actually had some grain in its stores. However, they did not distribute to its people, but sold grain overseas to raise funds for more industrial machinery and development. The famine carried on until 1934, and close to seven million peasants have died of starvation due to the extreme shortage of food. I chose this source to show how heartless Stalin was as peasants were all starving but still he did not care less for his people, instead he cared more for its state development. This source shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial to the USSR.
This drawing shows Soviet people being brought into a gulag camp by the Stalin's officials. The secret police had informers everywhere, and the slightest indication of anti-Stalin sentiments could warrant an arrest. People knew they were being constantly judged by Stalin's officials and if were judged poor;y, it would be difficult for them to get housing, jobs or holidays. If they stood out for the wrong reasons or upset the officials, they could fall victim to the secret police, and be sent to forced labour camps or even killed. I chose this source as it shows that fear was an aspect of Soviet peoples' everyday life in the Soviet Union under Stalin. This shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial to the USSR.
This picture shows 3 boys standing in front of Stalin's portrait. As Stalin made education compulsory whereby every child was entitled to at least nine years of free education. However, the education was loaded with propaganda and emphasised communism and atheism. Schools and universities also emphasised technical subjects that would help meet national industrialisation targets. I chose this as the communists prized education, and the greatest advancement of the Soviet Union under Lenin and Stalin was in raising literacy rates. Thus, this source shows that Stalin was beneficial for the USSR as he was seen as the father of people where teenagers were indoctrinated to be loyal to Stalin and to the Communist Party.
This video shows that Stalin was paranoid of the opposition. It was this paranoia that led to the Great Purge which allowed him to rise to power. As Sergei Kirov was growing in popularity with the moderates, Stalin was afraid that Kirov will one day be his rival or betray the revolution. Hence, on 1 December 1934, when Kirov walked into Stalin office in Leningrad, he was killed. His death was an outrage and a mystery. Stalin then decided to seize this opportunity to get rid of all his rivals at once. He begins by accusing his political rivals; Kamenev, Zinoviev and Bukharin, of conspiring with Trotsky and were then tried in show trials before being executed. Thereafter, Stalin decided that the Red Army was the next group to be purged. This weakened the country as no one was there to guide the inexperienced soldiers. I chose this source as it shows what exactly happened during the purge. This shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial for USSR as many were killed.
This poster shows Stalin smiling happily with a few children holding flowers smiling back at him. The caption of this poster is "Thank You, our comrade Stalin, for our happy childhood." Propaganda like these posters are used to make the Soviet people believe that he was the natural successor of Lenin and the saviour of the country. In order to boost Stalin's status and discredit his rivals as disloyal counter-revolutionaries, photographs were edited to remove unwanted people like Trotsky and Yezhov. This has boosted his authority status as the undisputable leader of the USSR. Hence, this shows that Stalin is not beneficial to the USSR as he is brainwashing the Soviet people into believing that he was the true leader of the country.
This political cartoon shows a pile of dead bodies under Stalin who's holding an axe. Stalin took steps to purge his enemies and eliminate any domestic opposition to the Soviet government between 1934 and 1938 which allows him to consolidate his power. Stalin has killed so many innocent people through the purges and secret police that created an atmosphere of fear. I chose this source as it shows that hundreds of thousands had died under the rule of Stalin. Therefore, this shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial to the USSR.
Stalin was not a saviour of USSR. Despite the small efforts he put in to improve USSR, overall, there are more bad things that he have done that harmed the Soviet people in the Soviet Union. He have ruined peoples' lives with purges, show trials, causing their living conditions to be bad. He has also brought constant fear in the people and starved them to death. Even though he won, there was 20000000 death in his evil regime. This shows how merciless Stalin was to his people. Stalin also used propagandas that helped him portray himself as the next successor of Lenin and the saviour of the country to brainwash the people. For those that goes against him, or those that upset the officials, they will be sent to forced labour camps or even be killed. With all kinds of negative impacts that Stalin's rule had brought, Stalin is definitely not a saviour of USSR.