This video shows how Stalin began his purges which was part of The Great Terror from 1934 to 1938. This video shows the life experiences of some that were under Stalin's rule. I chose this video as it shows how ruthless Stalin is even towards those that were loyal to him, he would kill anyone who he thinks is in his way. It also shows the pressure and fear people had to live in under Stalin's rule, everyone had to show support to him and they also clapped when Bukharin was sentenced to death. This shows great influence from Stalin and also much fear that if they did not clap they would be considered as a supporter of Trotsky and not Stalin. Therefore, this has shown that Stalin was not a saviour of USSR after he had caused so much great leaders and many innocent lives to be lost due to his own insecurity.
This source shows how Stalin forced the farmers, Kulaks and the peasants to carry out collectivisation. Under collectivisation, the land is owned by the state and the peasants worked on the farm under a fixed income. I chose this source as it shows how cruel Stalin was when carrying out his plans. Many peasants and Kulaks killed their own livestock and burnt their grains , collectivisation was met with great resistance as they did not want their produce to be taken away by the state. Thus, this resulted in the Great Famine of 1932-1933 which many died of starvation due to the bad harvest and food shortages. Stalin gave orders to eliminate Kulaks as a class , many Kulaks were either killed for resisting or sent to labour camps to slave labours. As a result , thousands of kulaks were killed. The farmers also rioted and engaged in armed resistance to attempt to stop forced collectivisation. However Stalin responded by killing 17 million horses used in farming so that farmers would be forced to use tractors . But there was not enough tractors to replace the horses that had been killed . Peasants who could not meet production targets were punished severely . And instead of distributing stockpiled grains to the starving people , Stalin exported grain to foreign countries to raise funds to buy machinery needed for industrialisation. I chose this source as, this has shown that Stalin will take all actions to carry out his plans and eliminate all his problems with force and fear. Therefore Stalin is not a saviour of USSR.
This source shows Stalin pouring a bucket of 'Red Propaganda' on the globe. This shows how Stalin uses his propaganda extensively to influence his citizens into believing in him. Many posters, newspapers, broadcasts were used to publicize his magnificence. To gain more supports, all the achievements by the Soviet Union was credited only to Stalin. This shows that Stalin had been using his propaganda to spread his ideology and also to spread his fake status with his citizens. Thus Stalin was not a saviour of USSR as he lied about himself and even brainwashed them into thinking that he was the right leader that they can trust and depend on.
This picture shows Stalin stretching his hand directing to the pyramids of skulls infront of him. He seems to be very proud of it. These skulls are probably from those that were part of Stalin's campaign that he had killed, mainly his political rivals and those who were against him. Among all those skulls, some belongs to scientists, engineers. This caused many problems as the country's development in technology and infrastructure may be dragged down severely. This caused a severe lost in professionals that are skilled in specific areas that would be able to help Stalin in his development plan. By purging these professionals, it would slow down Stalin's plan. But however, Stalin did not care so much about whether their deaths would affect his plan, he just wanted to eliminate whoever that is in his way. Other than the scientists and engineers, there were also about 750,000 members of the military or the Communist Party who he thought might oppose him were executed. And also about 1,200,000 died from slavery. I chose this source as it shows that how ruthless Stalin was, his hands are full of blood, he had caused so many deaths. Therefore Stalin is not a saviour of USSR.
This image shows 3 students standing in front of Stalin's portrait. Stalin had made studying compulsory during his rule. This was beneficial to the citizens as they get to study and be well educated so that the country will be more well developed and more prepared for the future. Although the education was filled with his propaganda and emphasises communism and atheism to make him more superior. Schools also highly emphasise on technical subject that would help in the national industrialisation target. I chose this source as it shows that Stalin uses education to let the young ones be loyal to him. Thus, this shows that Stalin is a saviour of USSR.
This source shows the people that were living in the cities and towns, this living condition is similar to those living by the countryside. This shows that the rapid industrialisation had affected them. This caused them to move on from rural areas to industrial areas. This lead to overcrowding, causing people to have lesser supplies that are necessary for daily life. I chose this source as this shows proves that although Stalin brought in a lot of profit to the country, he used them for industrialisation and neglected the welfare of his citizens, this shows that Stalin was only caring for his country's development in terms of her economical status but however he did not care for his citizens at all, letting them suffer in such living conditions. Thus, Stalin was not a saviour of USSR.
Stalin had caused many lives to be lost under his rule. He had only thought of the progression of the country but not of the country's citizens. He is a very insecure and has trust issues, regardless whether one is a friend to him, as long as he shows signs of going against him, he would not hesitate to eliminate him. This had caused many great leaders to die unreasonable. Therefore, Stalin is not the saviour of USSR.