Stalin was not a saviour of USSR. When Stalin was the leader, he brought fear to the people instead of peace and harmony. Many were afraid of getting killed or forced into labour camps. Instead of protecting his people, he was paranoid and killed anyone who have a slightest opposition against him. He also slow down the industries and weaken the army because he killed many skilled workers and army officers who were experienced. This became a weakness to USSR during World War 2. The housing condition of the people did not improve and there was also a man-made famine under Stalin's rule. Not only, did Stalin not solve the problem fully, Stalin ordered the secret police to take away all the food of the farmer. The people starved and suffered under Stalin's rule, hence, Stalin was not a saviour.
This source is a political cartoon that shows a pyramid of skulls with a caption "Visit the pyramids of the USSR". I chose this source as it shows that the show trail and purges killed a lot of innocent people and this affected the strength of the country. Many of the innocent people killed were intellectuals and skilled workers. The mass execution causes the science and technology to suffer as many intellectuals, scientists and engineers were executed. It lost many important workers during the 5 year plan, thus, factories produced poor quality goods and faulty infrastructure like dams and bridges. The quality of civil sector became less effective with many administrators, teachers were executed. In the end, Soviet civil service as well as the industries suffered, hence, Stalin's rule did not benefit USSR.
This is a source of a political cartoon that shows Stalin standing above the people with a caption that says "Under the Leadership of the Great Stalin – Forward to Communism". This is a soviet union propaganda poster that was published to influence people to support communism. I chose this source to show that propaganda was heavily used under Stalin's rule to brain wash the people. This source is also an example on how Stalin used propaganda to gain people's support and trust. Stalin used propaganda to build up his own profile as the rightful successor to Lenin and to be portrayed as a fatherly and 'all-knowing leader'. Pictures and propaganda posters of Stalin were placed everywhere to create the impression that he was a genius at everything. He was described as the ‘wisest man of the twentieth century’, the ‘genius of the age’. The Soviet people were told that he was never wrong. This protected Stalin from any further challenges. However, this was not beneficial to USSR as the people will always think that Stalin is a great person but in fact he was killing innocent people in fear of being overthrown. These cruel events that happened were unstoppable as the people always think that Stalin did that for the sake of them and this was caused by the propaganda that brain-washed the people. Hence, Stalin's rule was not beneficial for USSR as the people were lied to and their citizen rights were taken away as well.
This source is a political cartoon that shows the Red Army soldiers getting shot by the secret police. I chose this source as it is able to show us that Stalin wanted to be the most powerful leader. Stalin used purges and show trial to consolidate his powers and to get rid of opposition teams. Stalin ordered massive purges by which anybody suspected of disloyalty was murdered, sent to prison camps, or put on public show trials at which they pleaded guilty to incredible crimes they could never have done. Stalin needed an army that was loyal to him alone, hence, he accused high-ranking commanders and ten of thousands of Red Army officers of treason so that he would be able to execute them. Trotsky's strong connection with the Red army made Stalin to be very suspicious of them but Stalin needed the loyalty of the army. This execution killed many experienced Red Army officers and it affected their military ability against the German forces during WWII. There were also very little experienced officers to lead the army and guide the young ad inexperienced soldiers. This shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial for USSR as Stalin ordered the purges to ensure that no one would be able to challenge him but he affected their military ability and left the army with young and inexperienced soldiers which cause the army to be very weak.
This source is a video which features a person who first hand experienced the life under Stalin's rule. In the video, the survivor said 'all adults were afraid, everyone trembled in fear, these were the time Stalin was on the top for us all...' This was because they were afraid to be thrown into labour camps. I chose this source as the survivor did saw and experienced all the events first hand, hence it is a reliable source in telling me whether the people benefited from Stalin. People living under Stalin's rule were always in constant fear of being captured by the secret police. The secret police had informers everywhere and the slightest indication of anti-Stalin sentiments could warrant an arrest. People were also afraid to be reported by their friends or even family members, hence, many people lived with the rule of not reading your thoughts out loud. People knew that they were being constantly watched and judged by Stalin's official and if they stood out for the wrong reasons, they could fall victim to the secret police, and sent to forced labour camp or even killed. They took away the freedom of speech of the people and their human's rights, thus, Stalin's rule was not beneficial for USSR as they bring fear to the people instead of peace.
This source is a picture from a newspaper article that was published back in the 19th Century. The title of this article is 'Deliberate Starvation of Peasants' which shows that many peasants starved due to a man-made famine by Stalin. The article also show pictures of people who suffered from the famine. I chose this source because it is an article published during the 19th Century where many people experienced the famine themselves. I also chose this source to prove that many peasants were starving and dying, therefore they suffered under Stalin's rule. In 1927, the USSR faced a food shortage. This had been brought about by a poor harvest that year but Stalin became convinced that the peasants themselves were responsible for the grain shortages in the cities as a result of hoarding and keeping the market short of food thus increasing its price. Stalin ordered in to agricultural areas troops and the secret police, who took away what food they could find and simply left rural villages with none. Those who did not die of starvation were deported to the gulags. This famine carried on until 1934, resulting close to seven million peasants dying due to extreme shortage of food that led to starvation, hence, Stalin's rule was not beneficial to USSR
This source is a picture that shows several people all cramped in a bedroom room with no proper bed and sanitation. They also did not have shelves to store their belongings and they did not have proper bed to sleep in. They were all sleeping in a tight space where diseases and virus can be easily spread. This source is chosen because it is a real life picture which shows the living condition of the people and prove it's credibility. This source shows that Stalin's rule was not beneficial for USSR as they are still facing shortage of good housing with running water and proper sanitation. During the Stalin's rule, the increasing population in the cities made the shortage of housing even a greater problem. This source is a picture of a house in the city. These people lived in towns and cities, but their living conditions weren't much better then the peasants that were living on the country side. The state will decide how and where its citizens would live and people were not allowed to purchase apartments or build houses. In the end, many were forced in to homes that were in awful condition. Most houses had no running water or sewage system. Whole families had to sleep in a single room house, where they, slept, ate, and washed in. This made the living conditions to be very bad as the rooms were very unhygienic and they will fall sick easily. They were also lacked of basic necessities, thus, Stalin's rule did not benefit the people as they did not solve the housing shortage issue.