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Was Stalin the savior of the USSR?

The sources below have the aim to show that Stalin being in power did not aid the USSR. Thus it aims to show that Stalin was in fact not the savior of USSR.

Loss of intellectuals

Loss of intellectuals

The source shows the dead bodies of all those who were killled in the Great Purge . This source was chosen as it has a great impact upon those who see it as it shows the level of cruelty that Stalin had. Many of the people that Stalin killed were intellectuals and were those of talents.Based on contextual knowledge in the 1920s and 1930s, 2,000 writers, intellectuals, and artists were imprisoned and 1,500 died in prisons and concentration camps. After sunspot development research was judged un-Marxist, twenty-seven astronomers disappeared between 1936 and 1938. The Meteorological Office was violently purged as early as 1933 for failing to predict weather harmful to the crops.But the toll was especially high among writers. As such the soviet civil service was affected and the purging if Red Army personnel meant that there were no trained military staff. This source clearly shows how Stalin put his own wants ahead of the needs of the country and its citizens, and also behaved with alot of cruelty. As such he is not the savior of the USSR.

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Propaganda

Propaganda

The source shows Stalin using the "red propaganda" to convert the world to communism. IT shows how Stalin is trying to spread his influence to not just Russia, but all over the world. The source was chosen in how it shows how Stalin used propaganda to spread his name and influence all over the world.Communist propaganda in the Soviet Union was extensively based on the Marxism-Leninism ideology to promote the Communist Party line.Hence Stalin made use of the propaganda to spread the communist influence, like paint.The main Soviet censorship body, Glavlit, was employed not only to eliminate any undesirable printed materials, but also "to ensure that the correct ideological spin was put on every published item". This shows how Stalin used propaganda as a weapon . This shows how Stalin was a very dictatorial leader as he used his power to censor the work of Russians and others to make his rule seem like a favourable one.This shows how Stalin is not a savior of the USSR as he had impeded and controlled the citizens lives and tried to brainwash them.

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Stalin Purges & Terror

Stalin Purges & Terror

This source shows how Stalin got rid of his enemies and shows how Stalin was a very cunning man. This source was chosen as it aptly shows how Stalin got rid of his enemies. This was during the time of the Great Purge/Terror which was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938. It involved a large-scale purge of the Communist Party and government officials, repression of peasants and the Red Army leadership, and widespread police surveillance, suspicion of "saboteurs", "counter-revolutionaries", imprisonment, and arbitrary executions. This shows how Stalin repressed his political opponents with the purges and show trials. Using Sergei Kirov's death as a reason , Stalin massacred many men and had through this got rid of his political opponents. Thousands of men were killed through these purges and the Red Army was specifically targeted due to their connection with Trotsky.Many of Russia’s most talented people had been murdered during the Purges of the 1930’s. Anyone with talent was seen as a threat by the increasingly paranoid behaviour associated with Stalin and were killed or imprisoned (which usually lead to death anyway). The vast Soviet army was a body without a brain as most of her senior officers had been arrested and murdered during the Purges. This shows how Stalin was a bad ruler as he was brutal in his dealings with political opponents , definitely not making him the savior of the USS.

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The Great Famine

The Great Famine

The source is a newspaper clipping showing the devastating effects of the Great Famine. It states that 'six million perish in soviet famine' and that "peasants' crops seized ,they and their animals starve". This shows how the famines had affected many and that many had died and starved , showing the severity of the famine. From contextual knowledge i know that during the Great Famine of 1932 , the state did not distribute its stockpiled grains, but sold the grains for profit overseas to raise fund for industrial machinery and development. as farms were owned by the state, farmers could not keep their produce fir themselves and starved, and those that tried to hide it had it forcibly taken by the Party officials. This shows how Stalin's rule socially was very horrible , as he has shown himself s a leader who does not concern himself with the welfare of the citizens, showing how he is not the savior of the USSR.

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Stalin's Labour camps

Stalin's Labour camps

This video shows the utter brutality of the labour camps in which Stalin would dump all those who are his oponents and anyone who was "anti-Stalin".This source was chosen as it shows how horrible the camps were. The camps horrible conditions are shown in this video. It is shown how the camps are rather unsanitary and shows how the people have to work tirelessly. It shows the brutality of Stalin in how he treats his own countrymen like beasts. From contextual knowledge i know that about 14 million people were imprisoned in the Gulag labor camps from 1929 to 1953 (the estimates for the period 1918–1929 are even more difficult to calculate).Most Gulag inmates were not political prisoners, although significant numbers of political prisoners could be found in the camps at any one time.Petty crimes and jokes about the Soviet government and officials were punishable by imprisonment.The secret police would arrest anyone who opposed Stalin. Peasants, factory workers and intellectuals [scientists , teachers , etc] were arrested to prevent them from organising opposition. In 1939, close to 39 million people were executed and three million were imprisoned in such labour camps. Many died from overwork and poor living conditions as shown in the video. This made Stalin very powerful as no one dared to oppose him. This shows how Stalin is a cruel leader who uses fear and opposition as his weapons against his own people. This shows how he is most definitely not a savior of the USSR but one who seems more intent in sowing fear and discord among it.

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History Brief: Joseph Stalin's USSR

History Brief: Joseph Stalin's USSR

This video is a summary of sorts of Stalin's rule and how the people fared under his rule. It was chosen as it showed he struggles faced by the people of Russia under Stalin's rule.It is stated that people lost their freedom and that were suffering under his rule socially. From contextual knowledge i know that people had a fall in standard of living under his rule and that they had housing shortage problems.Housing remained a great problem for Stalin’s Russia. In Moscow, only 6% of households had more than one room. Those apartments that were put up quickly, were shoddy by western standards. In was not unusual for flat complexes to be built without electric sockets despite electricity being available – building firms were simply not used to such things. The people also had to work long hours and had little time off , being overworked and having to live in cramped conditions. Factory conditions were terrible. According to Count Witte, the Finance Minister in charge of Russia's industrialization until 1905, the worker 'raised on the frugal habits of rural life' was 'much more easily satisfied' than his counterpart in Europe or North AmericShopfloors were crammed with dangerous machinery: there were frequent accidents. Yet most workers were denied a legal right to insurance and, if they lost an eye or limb, could expect no more than a few roubles' compensation. Workers' strikes were illegal. There were no legal trade unions until 1905. Many factory owners treated workers like their serfs, so that 'low wages appeared as a fortunate gift to Russian enterprise'.This shows how Stalin was not the best of leaders and that the USSR had suffered under him , showing how he is not their savior.

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Living in Fear

Living in Fear

The source shows how Stalin controlled the society and was spying on them. The source was chosen as it shows how Stalin's rule was a fear inspiring one . Stalin is being shown as Santa Claus who always knows if you are "Naughty" . This shows how Stalin is similar in the way he finds out if people have been following under his regime and knows if they have ' anti-Stalin' feelings. From contextual knowledge i know that Stalin’s control over Russia meant that freedom was the one thing that people lost. The people of Russia had to read what the state allowed, see what the state allowed and listen to what the state allowed. The state’s control of the media was total.This shows how Stalin would spy in the Russians , knowing if something was amiss and if the Russians were being "Naughty" and trying to oppose him . The source states how Stalin Knows when you are awake and when you are sleeping , showing how Stalin seemed to have total control over the Russians and knew about everything , making him like Santa Claus in his seeming omnipresence and the way he seems to know everything. The people also seem to be rather frightened as the walk past the poster showing how the people were very afraid. There is even a little girl who seems very afraid, and for good reason. From contextual knowledge i know that children were not excluded from Stalin's reign of terror. It is common knowledge that Stalinist era was characterized by extensive terror and repression, with large numbers of the Soviet population living in fear of the ‘knock on the door’ that could signify arrest, exile, imprisonment or execution. This climate of fear also extended to young children, many of whom were terrified of the day when their parents would ‘disappear’. Children who lost their parents as a result of Stalin’s Terror were affected in a number of different ways. Some were interned in Gulag camps along with their parents; some were deported to live in exile in remote regions with their families and some were forced into Soviet orphanages. Those who were left behind were stigmatised and ostracised, often even by other family members who feared punishment if they were seen to be helping the child of an ‘enemy of the people’, so were left to fend for themselves on the city streets. Whatever their ultimate fate, these children all found themselves marginalised, persecuted, rejected and forgotten by mainstream society. Instead their lives became dominated by a daily battle for survival, a battle that sadly many did not win. This shows how the Stalinist era had affected almost everyone negatively.This shows how no one is able to live peaceful and carefree lives and are unable to feel safe in their own country. This shows how Stalin made his citizens so fearful of him that even children classify him under the category of monster, with the bogeyman and vampires. This show how Stalin was definitely not the savior of the USSR and instead was causing the people of Russia to be fearful of him and his rule of terror, without any means to oppose or fight back.

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Conclusion

Conclusion

In conclusion Stalin was most definitely not the savior of the USSR. This is mainly due to his negligence of his people, the cruelty in him and the pain and suffering he had let loose on the people of Russia. He was a bad leader who did not care about the well being of his people and wanted to control them and brainwash them, using fear and propaganda as his weapons . As such Stalin was not the savior of the USSR,

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