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What does it take to take a stand? (race lens)

George Wallace and The University of Alabama

George Wallace and The University of Alabama

Governor Wallace believed in segregation fully and showed this on January 1963. One day when two black kids were going to class at the University of Alabama Wallace stood in the doorway and would not let them pass. If it had been white kids trying to get to school Wallace would have eagerly let them pass, but not for black students. The black teens were othered from the white students based on race. Wallace continued to refuse to budge and JFK “called for 100 troops from the Alabama national guard to assist feudal officials.” JFK calling in that many troops speaks to his dedication to this topic and how much he wants it to succeed. In the end Wallace decided to stand down instead of getting involved in the impending violence. “Then the ****** escorted by US marshalls, entered the building unmolested and enrolled.” Ultimately with JFK’s support the black teens were able to get into the school unharmed.
This passage relates to TKAM because the kids were othered by race comparably to how the black people in To Kill a Mockingbird where othered based on race. The governor and the white community both did not recognize the otherness of the kids or the black people as a community as a positive but as a negative. We should be cherishing every thing that makes us different and unique instead people such as Governor Wallace and (most of) the white townspeople using it as a reason to discriminate them. I decided to put this in my project because it once again shows how JFK stood up for the black people and helped them try and fight the otherness.
https://www.usnews.com/news/blogs/press-past/2013/06/11/george-wallace-stood-in-a-doorway-at-the-university-of-alabama-50-years-ago-today

usnews.com
JFK Civil Rights Adress

JFK Civil Rights Adress

JFK created the Civil Rights Address in the hope to unite an equal nation. JFK did this by calling out all of the problems that segregation and discrimination not only have on black americans but society in general. He explains that black man and women are othered, they can’t do simple tasks such as voting and sending their children to the best schools. JFK is saying “in short, he cannot enjoy the full and free life which all of us want, then who among us would be content to have the color of his skin.” JFK also talks about how Abraham Lincoln freed slaves almost one hundred years ago yet black people are still are fighting for their freedom. He uses a strong point, that “when Americans are sent to Vietnam or West Berlin, we do not ask for whites only.” Black people protect our country even though the country that they protect, doesn’t grant them certain rights. Our country “was founded on the principle that all men are created equal, and that the rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.” This is one of the most important things said in the speech, it reflects how he believe that everyone should be created equal because that's how our country was supposed to run.
To Kill a Mockingbird was written and based off of the Civil Rights Movement. In TKAM segregation and discrimination towards black people are dominant characteristics. Their race others them from the rest of society. Thank god for men like John F. Kennedy and Atticus Finch. In the story Atticus Finch not only represents a black man but believes in his innocence and tries to save him from his impending fate. Simarley JFK uses his position as president to spread social equality and ultimately try to create a equal society. Atticus and JFK are both very alike, they both stand up for black people because they all believe that everyone are coequal.
I used this because it demonstrates how the JFK created the Civil Rights Address in the hope to unite an equal nation. JFK did this by calling out all of the problems that segregation and discrimination not only have on black americans but society in general. He explains that black man and women are othered, they can’t do simple tasks such as voting and sending their children to the best schools. JFK is saying “in short, he cannot enjoy the full and free life which all of us want, then who among us would be content to have the color of his skin.” JFK also talks about how Abraham Lincoln freed slaves almost one hundred years ago yet black people are still are fighting for their freedom. He uses a strong point, that “when Americans are sent to Vietnam or West Berlin, we do not ask for whites only.” Black people protect our country even though the country that they protect, doesn’t grant them certain rights. Our country “was founded on the principle that all men are created equal, and that the rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.” This is one of the most important things said in the speech, it reflects how he believe that everyone should be created equal because that's how our country was supposed to run.
To Kill a Mockingbird was written and based off of the Civil Rights Movement. In TKAM segregation and discrimination towards black people are dominant characteristics. Their race others them from the rest of society. Thank god for men like John F. Kennedy and Atticus Finch. In the story Atticus Finch not only represents a black man but believes in his innocence and tries to save him from his impending fate. Simarley JFK uses his position as president to spread social equality and ultimately try to create a equal society. Atticus and JFK are both very alike, they both stand up for black people because they all believe that everyone are coequal.
The president used his power to help people that were othered by society based on past prejudices because of his own morals. http://dubois.fas.harvard.edu/sites/all/files/JFK%20Civil%20Rights%20Speech%20June%2011,%201963.pdf

dubois.fas.harvard.edu
Montgomery Bus Boycott

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Black people, on behalf of their, had to give up their seats on busses if a white passenger wanted it. Rosa Parks a famous historical figure refused to give her seat and was arrested. This small action triggered a bus boycott in Montgomery Alabama. The protesters elected Martin Luther King Jr. to lead them until the city met their demands. “Montgomery federal court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.” The hard work of the protesters ultimately paid off and they got social equality on busses. They realized that they were being othered and this was one in a series of events to fix it. It was also important in many ways one being, it “... setting the stage for additional large-scale actions outside the court system to bring about fair treatment for African Americans.” This boycott grabbed the attention of the nation and showed them that segregation is wrong and that they will no longer stand for it.

Rosa Parks was not treated fairly, similar to how Tom Robinson was treated. He was unrightfully punished for something he didn’t do, Rosa was jailed for simply not getting out of her seat and moving to the back. In both of these cases, real life and in To Kill a Mockingbird the law system was wrong and their prejudices got in the way of their basic morals. I added this because it shows people how who been othered stand up for themselves.

history.com
Spreading of the Sit-Ins

Spreading of the Sit-Ins

The picture I chose demonstrates a peaceful protest called a “Sit-in”. African Americans were once not able to sit at the store counters with the other white customers, if they did they would be refused service all due to their race. Sit-ins were peaceful protests done by black people sometimes with white supporters as shown in the photo. They were done to spread awareness and make resturants equal. During a Sit-in protesters would sit down at a counter in a restaurant and when refused service, still stayed there. These protests were meant to be nonviolent but sometimes as shown in the photo white people would poor drinks on the protesters and even worse beat them. The picture shows that a large group of white men had formed around the black protesters and one looks be pouring his drink on the black women who has a solemn expression plastered to her face. Through all of this black protesters would keep their cool and not fight back, if one was hurt badly or taken to jail others would fill their spaces. You can see how the two women are not retaliating to being harassed by the other white customers.

In this image the way that the white people are treating the black protesters should never be ok. There is no respect for the protesters standing up for what they believe in, they are treated like trash and not looked at, by the white customers, as human beings. In To Kill A Mockingbird the black people are not treated with respect either. For example Tom is not treated fairly because he is accused and tried for a crime that he obviously didn’t commit, all he is black. The jury also said that Tom is guilty because of past prejudices they have against his race. Also Mr Dolphis Raymond pretends to be a drunk so that the townspeople will judge him for that and not for hanging out among the black crowd. He thinks that it’s better to be known as the town drunk then be known as the man who hangs out on the black side of town. This isn’t respectful towards the black people.

https://jfrazi36.weebly.com/spreading-of-the-sit-ins.html

I decided to include this in my Curation project because it shows how people who were othered based on race are making the change they want to see happen in the world.

jfrazi36.weebly.com