Inclusiveness is a hallmark of Canada even before it became a nation. Although the Underground Railroad was 'operated' by abolitionists on both sides of the border who were truly committed to the ideal of equality, the 'terminus' and safe haven was Upper and Lower Canada, especially after the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act which allowed slave owners to pursue fugitives in the Northern states.
Law and Order, and the abhorrence to the use of force, has been a motto for Canada since the first days of nationhood. In this episode of Heritage Minutes, Sam Steele, superintendent of the Northwest Mounted Police, showed that grit was backed by law, not gunfire.
Integrity is a quality Canada strives for. As portrayed in this vignette, Despite playing a vital role in building the national railroad, Chinese railroad workers were treated as fodder. For almost forty years, Chinese had to pay a head tax to immigrate to Canada and, for 24 years after that, Chinese were banned from immigrating to Canada - the only ethnic group ever to be excluded from immigration. Like many immigrant groups, the Chinese suffered from unjust practices and discrimination for many years. The official redress came in the form of a public apology for the systemic discrimination represented by the head tax in 2006 and compensation were paid to families of survivors.
When Terry Fox decided to run across Canada to raise money for cancer research, his mother asked him why he couldn't just run across British Columbia, the province in which he resided. His reply was that not only people in B.C. get cancer. His compassion epitomizes the highest quality Canada reveres.