In the 4th century the line of Connacht kings was supposedly displaced by the midland rulers, whose centre was at Tara. Two members of this dynasty founded septs, or clans. Ireland was once a roman catholic country. Most of the province remained loyal to the english crown during the Tyrone uprising.
Connacht Irish is the dialect of the Irish language spoken in the province of Connacht. Gaeltacht regions in Connacht are found in Counties Mayo and Galway. Mayo and Galway differ in many ways.
The Tuath, in Early Irish society, was the basic territorial unit to which everyone belonged. The Tuath was a small political unit, much smaller than other kingdoms. It has been estimated that there were as many as one hundred tuatha in Ireland. Provinces were made up of several tuatha, each with its own king. The boundaries of a tuath were mostly bog, woodland, or mountains, but it would also have an area of well cultivated land.
Connacht is on of the five provinces of Ireland, it is in the western part of the country. Up to the 9th century it consisted of several independent major kingdoms. It became under the rule of the Uí Briúin Aí dynasty. Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair and his son Ruaidri Ua Conchobair were the two greatest kings. They greatly expanded the kingdom's dominance. The kingdom collapsed in 1230s because of the civil war within the royal dynasty.