The Donation Land Act of 1850 drew settlers by the thousands to Oregon. This document is an example of a donation claim that was the result of settlers in Oregon filing for land that in most cases belonged to the American Indian tribes living there. Subsequently, the Tillamook ceded land in an unratified 1851 treaty, causing them to become officially "landless" just one year after the Donation Land Act was signed into law.
This painting depicts the event of Captain Robert Gray landing in Tillamook Bay and meeting the American Indians living there in 1788. It was created as a mural of part of Tillamook County history for the Tillamook Post Office. Encounters between explorers and the native people caused a 90% decrease in the Tillamook population. Epidemics of harmful diseases and the introduction to guns and liquor caused many deaths.
This map shows the reductions made on the Siletz Reservation by the government from 1857 to 1894. Most of the Tillamook tribe was relocated to the Siletz and Grande Ronde Reservations in 1851 when they ceded their native land. This reservation covered a significant portion of the Oregon coast, which was the environment that the Tillamook American Indians lived in.
The women of the tribe had many jobs and skirts/aprons were useful in helping them work.
The longhouses kept everyone together and protected the tribe from animals and weather. Some were subterranean with a hatch roof and a ladder.
A place to house the tribe in a way that would allow them to do the work to sustain the tribe
The burden basket was created sometime between 1920-1950. It was used for food purposes, gathering land crops like corn was a main reason that they used this item. Making it easier for these American Indians to carry more than one crop at a time.
The fishing weir was made in Northwest Oregon, it was used to catch fish that happened to swim through. They used the fish they've caught for food and cooking oil. This item shows that the Tillamook American Indians relied heavily on fish for their nutritional needs.
Tillamook was a Salishan's language, used as a form of communication. The language sadly took a tumble and converted to English when the Tillamook language went extinct in 1970-1980.