This video explains business practices in the late 19th century and how they were becoming unfair. Industries like oil and sugar became so huge, small companies could not compete anymore. This large companies were called trusts or monopolies. This could also create a situation for more corruption, higher prices, and unfair labor practices. Teddy Roosevelt signed laws as President to prevent this from happening. Thus, he was called the "Trust Buster" for being the first president to do this. I chose this because Roosevelt was the first president to use executive power to curb the power of private business. While we want private business to succeed, the government can't allow them to do whatever they want. There needs to be rules for them to protect people and other businesses. This video is trustworthy because it was part of a government program to help with childhood education. They were also on for many years and used historians to make sure their stories were accurate.
In 1901, racism was still a problem in the United States. While TR was a man of his times, and still held prejudices of the time, he also was forward thinking by inviting Booker T. Washington to the White House for dinner. This was the first time in history, an African American was invited as a guest by a President. What's interesting is, while Roosevelt was wondering if this was the right thing to do, Booker T. Washington also wondered if he should accept the invitation to dinner. He wasn't sure if he would face backlash from the Black community. While this didn't create new laws to make life better for African Americans, it was an early step in helping Blacks fight for their Civil Rights. I chose this article because it shows how Roosevelt made a positive contribution to Civil Rights, even in a small way. It also shows that he was willing to do something that he felt was right, even though he knew he would be criticized. NPR is a trusted news site that interviews historians and other professionals for their news stories.
The article goes into Roosevelt's background as an outdoorsman and how that became a part of his presidency. After becoming president in 1901, Roosevelt used his authority to protect wildlife and public lands by creating the United States Forest Service (USFS) and establishing 150 national forests, 51 federal bird reserves, 4 national game preserves, 5 national parks, and 18 national monuments by enabling the 1906 American Antiquities Act. During his presidency,Theodore Roosevelt protected approximately 230 million acres of public land. While presidents after him have saved more acres of land, he was the first to find a way to allow Presidents to do this. This is a reason to consider Roosevelt in the Top 5 because protecting our environment is very important. If he hadn't begun doing this, who knows how much beautiful land wouldn't exist today. I chose the NPS.GOV site because as a government site, it can be trusted to give accurate and updated information.