The controversial provision had been part of early drafts of the annual defense authorization bill, but was dumped from the final draft released Tuesday.
Instituting a draft requires action by Congress and the president's signature. Here is the Selective Service process that occurs during a draft.
Atlantic readers begin a debate in the wake of the latest U.S. congressional vote on women joining Selective Service.
LATEST UPDATE: Defense Secretary Ash Carter announced on December 3, 2015, the Department of Defense will lift all gender-based restrictions on military service starting January 2016. In response,
Who must register with the selective service system and what happens in a military draft? Find out more about the procedures and how it operates.