"History Encyclopedia", is an article written about the history of the Holocaust and the motives of Hitler and the Nazis behind it. Written by unknown, this composition states that the Nazis, "ordered anti-Jewish boycotts, staged book burnings, and enacted anti-Jewish legislation." 1.) One of the many reasons behind Jews being viewed as the other was that they were defined by race rather than religion and, "mandated the total separation of 'Aryans' and 'non-Aryans'." Jews and some others were separated from white people, regardless of the fact that most Jews were white. Additionally, "On November 9, 1938, the Nazis destroyed synagogues and the shop windows of Jewish-owned stores throughout Germany and Austria (Kristallnacht)." Based off the way that Hitler made Jews out to be horrible people, their homes, places of worship, and shops were destroyed. Kristallnacht was a specific night where Jews lived in fear based off the way they were viewed as the other, and Kristallnacht, or the night of the broken glass, was a night when many Jewish related places were destroyed. Hitler and the Nazis torched schools, homes, stores, and many other places, as the article states. 2.) Two significant quotes within this article include: "Within the context of the economic depression of the 1930s and using not only racist but also older social, economic, and religious imagery, the Nazi party gained popularity and, after seizing power, legitimacy, in part by presenting "Jews" as the source for a variety of political, social, economic, and ethical problems facing the German people." and "Inspired by Adolf Hitler's theories of racial struggle and the "intent" of the Jews to survive and expand at the expense of Germans, the Nazis, as a governing party from 1933-1938, ordered anti-Jewish boycotts, staged book burnings, and enacted anti-Jewish legislation." These two long quotes are similar and relate to the first question, how are Jews viewed as the other? Well, Jews were blamed for 'political, social, economic, and ethical' problems, which was when people started to hate them. These two quotes were significant to me because they went into further depth about Jews being perceived differently and Hitler blaming them for certain things. 3.) This relates to TKAM in the general way of being discriminated because of race. As I said before in another example, the black community in Maycomb was discriminated and viewed as the other, and in the Holocaust the Jews were viewed as the other.
Why Adolf Hitler hated Jews, written by unknown, is an article written about the history of the Holocaust and why Hitler and the Nazis hated Jewish people. 1.) The article explains that Hitler viewed the Jewish community, those with disabilities, divergent sexual orientations as 'others' and wrongful. Just because these people were different from Hitler and his followers, they were perceived as bad, "Therefore, people with disabilities, or with divergent sexual orientation or of a different race had to be removed from the population". The article also states that Hitler accused Jews of being responsible for the German defeat and 'blocking' Germany's recovery. Regarding the history of Hitler and the Holocaust, within the article it says, "With an outspoken anti-Jewish mayor (Karl Lueger) and many anti-Jewish newspapers and magazines there was no restriction on antisemitism, and Hitler was strongly influenced by this." Hitler appears to be strongly influenced by certain elements throughout his life which may have shaped his opinion as to view Jews as the other. (Not that it makes it better). Back to Jews being viewed as the other, as I have said many times before, Jews were considered others despite doing much to anything wrong. 2.) Two quotes that significantly stood out to me within this article, include: "After the war, Hitler joined a new extreme rightwing party, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP), quickly becoming its strongman because he could inspire people with his speeches. He noticed that propaganda against Jews and Bolsheviks (often mentioned together) struck a chord with audiences and voters." and "-he wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle). The book is full of anti-Jewish passages and theories about the superiority of the German (Germanic) race." The first quote stood out to me mainly because it describes how well Hitler spoke and how persuasive he truly was. Hitler took advantage, he noticed how propaganda sat with the audience, and he used that to his advantage while persuading them that the Jews were different, bad and dangerous people. The second quote stood out to me also, because he wrote a book about anti-Jews and how the Germans should be the superior race. Hitler obviously thought that he could create a 'super' race with primarily blonde haired, blue eyed people and part of his plan was to terminate the brown eyed, brown haired people. 3.) How does this relate to To Kill a Mockingbird? This article relates to TKAM, because it was mostly written about Hitler and his hate for the Jews. Hitler somewhat reminds me of Bob Ewell (in a less extreme way) because both tried to get (fairly) innocent people guilty. Both succeeded in this, Tom Robinson was found guilty, mostly because Bob Ewell and his daughter convinced people that he was the 'other' and to view him in a negative light. As for Hitler and the Nazis, they also convinced people to view the Jews in a negative light as-well. Both situations ended with people loosing their lives merely because they were considered 'the other'.
I found this picture off Google images, it illustrates children in a concentration camp in Germany. The caption consists of: Young children trapped behind barbed wire in a German concentration camp set up in the occupied part of the Karelian Assr, in 1941 or 1942. 1.) This piece exhibits various ways throughout the picture of how people were viewed as 'the other' in the holocaust. To start off, these children are 'trapped behind barbed wire' despite the fact that they probably did nothing wrong. Hitler and the Nazi parties disliked, hated, Jews so in spite of doing anything wrong, they put them in concentration camps where they were tortured. All because they were viewed as the 'other' and because they looked different didn't follow the same religion that Hitler idealized as the 'perfect' religion for the world. Hitler envisioned a human race with primarily blonde hair blue eyes, and would be a specific religion. Just because Jews had brown hair, brown eyes, they were percieved and treated as the other. Although the picture is black and white, you can tell, most of the children displayed had darker hair. As I said before in the poem, Jews really just viewed themselves as ordinary people trying to live out their lives. 2.) Two of the elements in the picture that truly stood out to me included, how young the children in the picture are, and the setting of the photograph. Within the picture, you really only see dirty, and very unhappy children. It is evident that there aren't adults in the picture. This piece of the visual implies that not just adults were viewed as the other, kids were viewed as the other as well. Not to mention, how the kids are in the concentration camp also shows that Hitler and the Nazis did not take mercy on little kids. The kids appear to be treated in the same or a similar manor as the adults. As for the setting, the barbed wire definitely makes a statement. It illustrates how dangerous the camp was and also how perilous it would be to try and escape. As for the sign as I do not know what it means, I am inferring it is either the name of the camp or a warning. 3.) Lastly, how does this picture relate to How To Kill a Mockingbird? The first way I see that this picture relates to TKAM, is that there are obviously both children involved. However a less evident example is that this picture looks like camp was poor and dirty. In TKAM, while living through the Great Depression, there was not much money to spare so in many places there was destitute living conditions.
Holocaust, written by Barbara Sonek, is a poem written about potential Jew lives that were 'stolen' from them by Hitler and the holocaust. This piece exemplifies how most Jews' lives were taken all because people viewed them as 'the other'. 1.) Hitler had ingrained it into people's minds that Jews were horrible people that should be terminated, which was when people began to view Jews as the other. People listened to Hitler and fell victim to the propaganda, which portrayed Jews in a way that illustrated them as nasty people that should be hated (as I said before). However, Jews just saw themselves as normal people that were just living their lives, "We were going to be doctors, lawyers, rabbis, wives, teachers, mothers" (Sonek). Most Jews were just like most people and they considered themselves ordinary. The poem that Sonek constructed explains; just because Jews were perceived as 'the other', so many potential lives and jobs that people were going to pursue were ruined. 2.) Two significant quotes that stood out to me include, "We were taken away in the dead of night like cattle in cars, no air to breathe smothering, crying, starving, dying" (Sonek), and "Remember us, for we were the children whose dreams and lives were stolen away" (Sonek). The first quote really stood out to me because the metaphor provided a strong and powerful way to describe the tragedy these poor people went through. However, the second quote was the one that I found even stronger because it was the ending line and what the whole poem was based around. The Jews stated that Hitler 'stole' their lives and dreams away from them because he perceived and described them as the other. 3.) This poem, Holocaust, relates the book, To Kill a Mockingbird (by Harper Lee) in numerous ways. For example, just like the Jews, the black community in Maycomb, Alabama was looked down upon and treated very badly because of their race. Despite their skin color (in the African American people's cases) and the hair, eyes, and more (in the Jew's cases), they were all just people trying to live their lives. For example a quote from the text, "We played, we laughed, we were loved" (Sonek). They were all human beings that lived their lives similar or the same as the rest of the world but were treated very unfairly.